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International Edition Winners 2010: Venezuela, grade 3rd to 5th

International Edition Winners 2010: Venezuela, grade 3rd to 5th





George Miquilena, JulioCesar Sanchez, Nayciray Valbuena and Ernesto Gomez
From left: Juliocesar Sanchez, Nayciray Valbuena, Ernesto Gomez, George Miquilena and Luis Rodriguez
Titan and Tethys
Titan and Tethys
Team Name: Scientist from the Future

Julio Cesar Sanchez
Nayciray Valbuena
Ernesto Gomez
George Miquilena
Luis Rodriguez



Grade: 3rd to 5th
Club the Astronomia Los Robles
Teacher Advisor: Alexis Mavarez

Maracaibo, State of Zulia (Venezuela)



"After reading about possible targets for the fate of the Cassini spacecraft we concluded that the ideal place to conduct scientific research is a momentary passage in the orbit of Cassini between Titan and Saturn, the reasons are: It's well known that Saturns ring are engaged in a complex series of interacting phisical laws,perhaps even some might be unusual variations of the know phisical laws. We learned at the astronomy classes that Planetary Society and ASP Project ASTRO volunteers give here in Venezuela, that Cassini has its instruments afixed on a steady platform, they cannot change postions such as the mobile platform on Voyager 1 & 2,so if Cassini passes between Saturn and Titan, we could take advantage of 2 objectives at the same time; because Titan is also interesting because it has an atmosphere composed mostly nitrogen and methane, with similar pressure, as our planet, plus the interesting atmosphere of Titan contains a percentage of other organic material such as, ethane, propane and many other sulphate materials, also,it would be interesting to study weather variations such as rainfall (only here methane), another earth-like quality. It could explore Titan's methane lakes and river systems; The ravines and volcanic chains are just a few of the many qualities that make Titan one planetary body most suitable for study and even to understand the mysteries of our planet.

Titan's volcanic activity shows that Titan has tectonic plates, like our planet, Cassini should track how they are distributed!! are there layers responsible for volcanic activity on Titan?, the fact that organic matter found on the surface, plus other critical substances for the formation of life, the study of these substances will greatly help scientists understand many questions about life on our planet, questions like, how life originated?, Where does it start?, evolution?, how the first molecules of life formed?, these questions can be answered!!!

Another important objective of Cassini in Titan, is the study of minerals, and the large amount of hydrocarbon that Titan contains. Maybe someday it may be useful for mankind, serving as energy suppliers to a colony, or space probes. We also may disclose the nature of the underground ocean of water and ammonia, which is believed to be located at a depth of 100 kilometers beneath the surface, the liquid water could be transformed into water and used for future colonization,maybe sooner than we think, this orbital visit could answer many questions, another of these is, What is the strange mechanism that keeps the methane in Titan's atmosphere?, maybe we can finally find out if it is primitive extraterrestrial life on Titan, perhaps discover that we are not alone in the universe?. Besides that Titan has a large amount of helium 3, a radioactive mineral with considerable energy for future use for colonists and spacecraft. Titan has many interesting features, very suitable for future research , showing that heavenly bodies similar to our own planet, are abundant in the universe, including our own solar system, perhaps one day we can identify super-Earths by Titan. "