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International Edition Winners - 2013

International Edition Winners - 2013

BRAZIL

Valmique Bento Da Silva Oliveira

Valmique Bento Da Silva Oliveira
E.M.Dr.Getúlio Vargas
"Como Iapetus, eu sou para você
Eu tenho um passado
Que é como uma cadeia de montanhas:
Maior que o Everest.
E é impossível alguém descobrir o topo."
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CANADA

Emily Buchan

Emily Buchan
Davisville Junior Public School
Toronto, Ontario

"There are many questions scientists have about Iapetus. For example, there's the equatorial ridge. Scientists want to find out how it was made...but more about that later. Oh, and what created the surface of Iapetus?"
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Michael Cheng

Michael Cheng
Claude Watson School for the Arts
Toronto, Ontario

"Although there are three target destinations for the Cassini Satellite, there is only one destination that will yield the best scientific results. Dione, target two, has early signs of extraterrestrial life. Its oxygen content is rising due to from Saturn's radiation. It has high amounts of water, ideal for life."
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Sarah Mari

Sarah Mari
Banting & Best Public School
Scarborough, Ontario

"Saturn has a spectacular ring system. It is surrounded by a large system of rings which stretches out into space for thousands of kilometers. Many people don't understand why the rings stand out so much, so this will be there chance to get a clear look and understanding of them."
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Tejai Hamilton

Tejai Hamilton
Humberwood Downs Junior Middle Academy
Etobicoke, Ontario

"One of the many moons of Saturn that is (sadly) ignored amongst scientists.
Compared to the other two images, Dione would be easier to circulate around and deciphering the layout. lt's just pure substance. Yeah, it's the smallest of the three targets, but BIGGER Isn't BETTER . . . "
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Rainbow Chen

Rainbow Chen
Earl Haig Secondary School
North York, Ontario

"Among the 53 officially named moons that orbit Saturn, Iapetus is definitely a unique or, rather, bizarre one. Discovering this moon was particularly challenging as it was often invisible from Earth. "
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Tiffany Bhikram

Tiffany Bhikram
Riverdale Collegiate Institute
Toronto, Ontario

"There are many reasons that I have chosen Cassini to investigate Dione. The first reason is that similarly to Earth, Dione is made up of many different landforms and physical features, varying from high mountains to deep valleys and ridges . . . "
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Henry Lin
Earl Haig Secondary School
North York, Ontario

"For one, the poles of Saturn hold deep mysteries that are yet to be solved. The north hexagonal pole, which Cassini took a clear picture of, is truly spectacular and enigmatic, almost a perfectly geometrical storm. The rotation rate of the storm seems to be locked with the rotation of Saturn but because Saturn's rotation is uncertain, this cannot be determined yet . . . "
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MOROCCO

Mamoun Bouab

Mamoun Bouab
School: Louis Massignon
City: Casablanca

"I choose Iapetus because I think it presents very intriguing aspects like its funny shape, the huge mountain in its center or the white side that is covered with what seems to me snow, likely water."
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Mbark Laatar

Mbark Laatar
School: Groupe scolaire Ouled Moumen
City: Benslimane

"The planet Saturn is one of the eight planets which constitute our solar system and which turn all in the same direction around the sun and about in the same plan (the ecliptic)"
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PAKISTAN

Eisha Zafar

Eisha Zafar
Army Public School & College, Humayun Road, 5th Grade
Rawalpindi

"I chose lapetus because I found it very interesting. Reading about lapetus added to my knowledge immensely. Most importantly it is made of ice!"
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Raania Siddiqui

Raania Siddiqui
Hamza Army Public School & College, 6th Grade
Rawalpindi

"Cassini probe instruments were unable to directly detect water from exosphere due to high background level but it seems that highly charged particles from the planets powerful radiation belts could split the water in the ice into hydrogen and oxygen."
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Khizra Kashif
Laurel Bank Public School, 6th Grade
Lahore

"Cassini probe instruments were unable to directly detect water from exosphere due to high background level but it seems that highly charged particles from the planets powerful radiation belts could split the water in the ice into hydrogen and oxygen."
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Shifa Nauman

Shifa Nouman
Lahore Grammar School, 8th Grade
Lahore

"As scientists we want to discover and explore anything provided it gives us opportunity to explore new vistas of universe. Solve every question and go into depths of every single thing; from atoms to the universe. "
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Zahra Khalid

Zahra Khalid
Army Public School & College, 8th Grade
Sargodha

" My interest in Dione is because of the thin envelope of Oxygen on its surface. Oxygen, no matter how less, is still an undeniable hope for new life."
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Ambreen Sana Bhatti

Ambreen Sana Bhatti
Army Public School & College, 8th Grade
Sargodha

"Standard planetary model suggest that the interior of Saturn is similar to that of Jupiter having a small rocky core surrounded by hydrogen and helium with the trace amounts of various volatiles."
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Khadija Ahmed

Khadija Ahmed
Lahore Grammar School, 8th Grade
Lahore

""The reason I picked Saturn as my target is because I am tempted and fascinated by its and its rings many mysterious; it is a planet that deserves our attention and holds the key to unlocking many other answers we have long searched for. "
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Harram Khan

Harram Khan
Army Public School & College, Fort Road
City: Rawalpindi

"Another, out of the normal characteristic of Iapetus is the anomalous inter fusion of black and white, light with dark. Yin and yang, as it is said, existing simultaneously, along each other, an exception in all one-hundred and sixty six natural satellite in our solar system."
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Hania Irfan
Army Public School & College, Girls Branch
City: Sialkot

"The interesting fact about Dione, which draw me towards itself is that Dione is made of a dense core of silicate rock with remainder of its material being ICE."
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Tasmia Batool Mukhtar

Tasmia Batool Mukhtar
Garrison Academy for Girls
City: Lahore

"Scientists are the finders of mysteries hidden in our universe. When it comes to exploring and discovering, a vast study has to be done first. Every aspect has to be studied with accuracy to portray it. Being a scientist, the most challenging task is to explore the planets of Solar System."
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Saad Ahmed Khan

Saad Ahmed Khan
Fazaia Degree College
City: Karachi

"The reason for choosing Iapetus is the unusual attraction it possess. It has this extraordinary potential of attracting the observer at his/her very first glance on it. It has a spherical structure with different colours dissolved and spreaded over it."
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Tayyaba Shahzad

Tayyaba Shahzad
Army Public School & College, Humayun Road
City: Rawalpindi

"Dione has some bright wispy streaks whose origin is not confirmed. Streak overlay many of the craters which indicates that they are newer. The bright walls are bright because dark material falls off them, exposing bright water ice."
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Syed Mohammad Ali
Army Public School & College for Boys, Range Road
City: Rawalpindi

"I think these facts are all the more reason why Cassini should dedicate it's attention to studying Saturn. Besides, who doesn't want a poster of such a nice planet hanging on the room wall!"
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ROMANIA

Bartok Mihai, Goiceanu Rares si Dumitru Teodor
Bartok Mihai, Goiceanu Rares si Dumitru Teodo
Scoala Gimnaziala nr.97
Bucharest, Romania

"When, in 1671, the director of the Paris Observatory, using an improved telescope, saw Iapetus for the first time, Saturn was no longer Galileo’s 'planet with ears.'"
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Maria Rotaru, Ruxandra Hristache, Ioana Manea, Matei Deleanu

Maria Rotaru, Ruxandra Hristache, Ioana Manea, Matei Deleanu

“Tudor Vianu” National High School of Computer Science
Bucharest, Romania

"We believe that Dione should be studied by Cassini satellite. Dione was discovered by Giovanii Cassini in 1684."
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Raducanu-Ioana-Adriana
Răducanu Ioana Adriana

Şcoala Gimnazială “Federico Garcia Lorca”

Bucharest, Romania

"One day during the classes of physics I learned about the Cassini spacecraft and its mission and I wanted to explore this amazing world of Saturn."
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Coraga Irina
Coraga Irina

Scoala Gimnaziala nr. 194

Bucharest, Romania

"Humanity’s wish was and will always be to conquer. The limits have changed: from countries to continents, from continents to the entire world, and now, from the world to space, the Universe and the Solar System. "
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Bogdan-Marghescu
Bogdan Marghescu

“Traian” National High School

Drobeta Turnu Severin, Romania

"Saturn, the sixth planet from the Sun, is fascinating, just like all the planets in the Universe, but, in addition it has the grandeur of its satellites."
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Ionescu,  Serban, Grigorescu, Paduraru
Ionescu Eduard, Şerban Alexandru, Grigorescu Ştefan, Păduraru Răducu

Liceul de Arte "Balasa Doamna"

Târgovişte, Romania

"If you were to ask an amateur or a professional astronomer why is he is excited about the space, this would be your answer: 'Because I saw Saturn through a telescope for the first time!'"
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Tisca-Cristiana
Tişcă Cristiana

“Andrei şaguna” National High School

Braşov, Romania

"One may indeed wonder: Why choose Iapetus, when you can go for Saturn, whose unrivaled secrets would most likely prove themselves to be of greater importance and be appreciated by a broader public?"
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Butiu, Chitoiu, Cirjan

Buţiu Ioan ştefan, Chiţoiu Andreea-Leona, Cîrjan Ana-Maria

"Andrei Şaguna” National High School

Braşov, Romania

"Observations made by the Cassini orbiter on three separate flybys of Dione, Saturn’s fourth largest moon, might make this icy satellite a new point of interest in our Solar System."
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Enache, Zamfir

Corina Georgiana Zamfir, Elena Corina Enache

“Iulia Hasdeu” National High School

Bucharest, Romania

"Being one of the planets most difficult to study, because of its poor lighting, Saturn represents one of the unknown mysteries of the Solar System."
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SINGAPORE

Prinita Mukherjee

Prinita Mukherjee
Bukit Panjang Government High School

""I believe that Iapetus, the third-largest natural satellite of Saturn, should be a target for images during future Cassini missions. Interestingly, just like Earth and its moon, Iapetus is tidally locked into synchronous rotation about Saturn, always keeping the same face towards the planet."
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Teh Nian Fei

Teh Nian Fei
Bukit Panjang Government High School

"I believe that Iapetus would be the best target to image as I believe it will help scientists have a further understanding of processes involved in Iapetus's strange and unique physical characteristics, which include its colour contrast between two hemispheres and its equatorial ridge."
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Elaine Wijaya

Elaine Wijaya Oey
Raffles Girls' School

"Iapetus is arguably the most mysterious of the three targets. While its stark two-tone coloration has been partially explained by the preferential sublimation from the dark Cassini Regio and the consequent positive feedback thermal runaway process, the exact identity and origin of the debris that resulted in the initial darkening of Cassini Regio is still unknown."
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TURKEY

Arda Celebi

Arda Çelebi
Sezin High School
City: Istanbul

"We will certainly gain more from this project if it the target is Saturn. There are many theories about Saturn and proving some of them correct is essential. Therefore I think Cassini should take the images of Saturn."
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Baran Çimen

Baran Cimen
Eyüboğlu High School
Istanbul

"Iapetus has the most mysterious facts to be explained among all three targets, hence the next encounter should be specified for the observation of Iapetus more particularly. "
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Damla Oncel

Damla Öncel
Eyüboğlu High School
Istanbul

"There is strong evidence of life-bearing potential in the past the Cassini spacecraft Cassini Spacecraft made a number of close flybys of Dione, beaming back astonishing images of it."
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Elif Bilgin

Elif Bilgin
VKV Koç High School
Istanbul

"Scientists have always been interested by the enigma that is Saturn's weather. They have always been baffled by the fact that its the only planet which has one pole warmer than the other. "
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Nuriye Varo?lu

Nuriye Varoğlu
Darüşşafaka High School
Istanbul

"Another puzzling physical characteristic of Iapetus is its walnut-shape. During Voyager 2 flyby of Iapetus, a line of mountains was noticed. Then in 2004, Cassini flyby concluded that an equatorial mountain ridge extends 12 miles into space above Iapetus' surface. No one knows yet how the ridge formed."
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VENEZUELA

Team: The Lords of the Rings

Team: Lords of the Rings
Grade: 5-6
Schools: Joutai-Alfredo Armas Alfonso and Liceo Los Robles
City: Maracaibo

"Our amateur astronomy junior team has been investigating and reading about the oddities of this planet for 2 years , as we wonder more and more , we can not help being attracted to their irregularities, Saturn is the goal we choose because it intrigues us!"
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THE DRACOLICH TEAM

The Dracolich Team
Schools: Liceo Los Robles, Mater Salvatoris, Nuestra Senora de Fatima, Altamira, Nuestra Senora Medalla, and Guzman Blanco.
Grade: 7-8
City: Maracaibo

"As junior amateur astronomers our team considers itself as scientists that study celestial bodies such as black holes, moons, planets, stars, nebulae, this experience will teach us how incredible is being a part of NASA team."
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Team: The Big Bang Theory Explorer

Team: Big Bang Theory Explorers
City: Maracaibo

"We as a group thought that Iapetus is the best target for photographic investigations assisted by Cassinis instruments based in a few curious aspects that called our attention because its own particular characteristics, such the moon’s form, location, aspect and geological history wich indicate there might be amazing forces in action."
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